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Kotlin 编译器选项

Each release of Kotlin includes compilers for the supported targets: JVM, JavaScript, and native binaries for supported platforms.

These compilers are used by the IDE when you push the Compile or Run button for your Kotlin project.

You can also run Kotlin compilers manually from the command line as described in the Working with command-line compiler tutorial. For example:

$ kotlinc hello.kt -include-runtime -d hello.jar

编译器选项

Kotlin compilers have a number of options for tailoring the compiling process. Compiler options for different targets are listed on this page together with a description of each one.

There are several ways to set the compiler options:

  • In IntelliJ IDEA, write in the options in the Additional command-line parameters text box in Settings | Build, Execution, Deployment | Compilers | Kotlin Compiler
  • If you're using Gradle, specify the options in the kotlinOptions property of the Kotlin compilation task. For details, see Using Gradle.
  • If you're using Maven, specify the options in the <configuration> element of the Maven plugin node. For details, see Using Maven.
  • If you run a command-line compiler, add the options directly to the utility call or write them into an argfile.

公共选项

The following options are common for all Kotlin compilers.

-version

Display the compiler version.

-nowarn

Suppress the compiler from displaying warnings during compilation.

-Werror

Turn any warnings into a compilation error.

-verbose

Enable verbose logging output which includes details of the compilation process.

-help (-h)

Display usage information and exit. Only standard options are shown. To show advanced options, use -X.

-X

Display information about the advanced options and exit. These options are currently unstable: their names and behavior may be changed without notice.

-kotlin-home <path>

Specify a custom path to the Kotlin compiler used for the discovery of runtime libraries.

-P plugin:<pluginId>:<optionName>=<value>

Pass an option to a Kotlin compiler plugin. Available plugins and their options are listed in Compiler plugins.

-language-version <version>

Provide source compatibility with the specified version of Kotlin.

-api-version <version>

Allow using declarations only from the specified version of Kotlin bundled libraries.

-progressive

Enable the progressive mode for the compiler.

In the progressive mode, deprecations and bug fixes for unstable code take effect immediately, instead of going through a graceful migration cycle. Code written in the progressive mode is backwards compatible; however, code written in a non-progressive mode may cause compilation errors in the progressive mode.

@<argfile>

Read the compiler options from the given file. Such a file can contain compiler options with values and paths to the source files. Options and paths should be separated by whitespaces. For example:

-include-runtime -d hello.jar
hello.kt

To pass values that contain whitespaces, surround them with single (') or double (") quotes. If a value contains quotation marks in it, escape them with a backslash (\).

-include-runtime -d 'My folder'

You can also pass multiple argument files, for example, to separate compiler options from source files.

$ kotlinc @compiler.options @classes

If the files reside in locations different from the current directory, use relative paths.

$ kotlinc @options/compiler.options hello.kt

Kotlin/JVM 编译器选项

The Kotlin compiler for JVM compiles Kotlin source files into Java class files. The command-line tools for Kotlin to JVM compilation are kotlinc and kotlinc-jvm. You can also use them for executing Kotlin script files.

In addition to the common options, Kotlin/JVM compiler has the options listed below.

-classpath <path> (-cp <path>)

Search for class files in the specified paths. Separate elements of the classpath with system path separators (; on Windows, : on macOS/Linux). The classpath can contain file and directory paths, ZIP, or JAR files.

-d <path>

Place the generated class files into the specified location. The location can be a directory, a ZIP, or a JAR file.

-include-runtime

Include the Kotlin runtime into the resulting JAR file. Makes the resulting archive runnable on any Java-enabled environment.

-jdk-home <path>

Use a custom JDK home directory to include into the classpath if it differs from the default JAVA_HOME.

-jvm-target <version>

Specify the target version of the generated JVM bytecode. Possible values are 1.6, 1.8, 9, 10, 11, and 12. The default value is 1.6.

-java-parameters

Generate metadata for Java 1.8 reflection on method parameters.

-module-name <name>

Set a custom name for the generated .kotlin_module file.

-no-jdk

Don't automatically include the Java runtime into the classpath.

-no-reflect

Don't automatically include the Kotlin reflection (kotlin-reflect.jar) into the classpath.

-no-stdlib

Don't automatically include the Kotlin/JVM stdlib (kotlin-stdlib.jar) and Kotlin reflection (kotlin-reflect.jar) into the classpath.

-script

Evaluate a Kotlin script file. When called with this option, the compiler executes the first Kotlin script (*.kts) file among the given arguments.

-script-templates <classnames[,]>

Script definition template classes. Use fully qualified class names and separate them with commas (,).

Kotlin/JS 编译器选项

The Kotlin compiler for JS compiles Kotlin source files into JavaScript code. The command-line tool for Kotlin to JS compilation is kotlinc-js.

In addition to the common options, Kotlin/JS compiler has the options listed below.

-libraries <path>

Paths to Kotlin libraries with .meta.js and .kjsm files, separated by the system path separator.

-main {call|noCall}

Define whether the main function should be called upon execution.

-meta-info

Generate .meta.js and .kjsm files with metadata. Use this option when creating a JS library.

-module-kind {plain|amd|commonjs|umd}

The kind of JS module generated by the compiler:

To learn more about the different kinds of JS module and the distinctions between them, see this article.

-no-stdlib

Don't automatically include the default Kotlin/JS stdlib into the compilation dependencies.

-output <filepath>

Set the destination file for the compilation result. The value must be a path to a .js file including its name.

-output-postfix <filepath>

Add the content of the specified file to the end of the output file.

-output-prefix <filepath>

Add the content of the specified file to the beginning of the output file.

-source-map

Generate the source map.

-source-map-base-dirs <path>

Use the specified paths as base directories. Base directories are used for calculating relative paths in the source map.

-source-map-embed-sources {always|never|inlining}

Embed source files into the source map.

-source-map-prefix

Add the specified prefix to paths in the source map.

Kotlin/Native 编译器选项

Kotlin/Native compiler compiles Kotlin source files into native binaries for the supported platforms. The command-line tool for Kotlin/Native compilation is kotlinc-native.

In addition to the common options, Kotlin/Native compiler has the options listed below.

-enable-assertions (-ea)

Enable runtime assertions in the generated code.

-g

Enable emitting debug information.

-generate-test-runner (-tr)

Produce an application for running unit tests from the project.

-generate-worker-test-runner (-trw)

Produce an application for running unit tests in a worker thread.

-generate-no-exit-test-runner (-trn)

Produce an application for running unit tests without an explicit process exit.

-include-binary <path> (-ib <path>)

Pack external binary within the generated klib file.

-library <path> (-l <path>)

Link with the library. To learn about using libraries in Kotlin/native projects, see Kotlin/Native libraries.

-library-version <version> (-lv)

Set the library version.

-list-targets

List the available hardware targets.

-manifest <path>

Provide a manifest addend file.

-module-name <name>

Specify a name for the compilation module. This option can also be used to specify a name prefix for the declarations exported to Objective-C: How do I specify a custom Objective-C prefix/name for my Kotlin framework?

-native-library <path>(-nl <path>)

Include the native bitcode library.

-no-default-libs

Disable linking user code with the default platform libraries distributed with the compiler.

-nomain

Assume the main entry point to be provided by external libraries.

-nopack

Don't pack the library into a klib file.

-linker-option

Pass an argument to the linker during binary building. This can be used for linking against some native library.

-linker-options <args>

Pass multiple arguments to the linker during binary building. Separate arguments with whitespaces.

-nostdlib

Don't link with stdlib.

-opt

Enable compilation optimizations.

-output <name> (-o <name>)

Set the name for the output file.

-entry <name> (-e <name>)

Specify the qualified entry point name.

-produce <output> (-p)

Specify output file kind:

  • program
  • static
  • dynamic
  • framework
  • library
  • bitcode

-repo <path> (-r <path>)

Library search path. For more information, see Library search sequence.

-target <target>

Set hardware target. To see the list of available targets, use the -list-targets option.